Perth is the capital of the state of Western Australia and is located on the Indian Ocean coast. The state's population is just over 2.5 million, and most people (over 1.7 million) live in Perth.
Western Australia also has a port city, Fremantle, which is located about 15km south of Perth's centre. Fremantle is a vibrant cultural precinct, with an interesting history, a strong food culture and an arts scene.
Western Australia is a very large state that stretches from the top of the country to the southern coast. Because of its size, the state has several climates. Perth is said to have a Mediterranean type of climate, with hot summers and mild winters.
The Western Australian landscape is also very diverse, with a sandy coastline, desert areas, inland hills and forests in the south-west of the state.
Aboriginal heritage is an important aspect of Australian culture. In Western Australia, the first Aboriginal people are believed to be the Noongar people, who have lived here for at least 45,000 years. Today, their traditional ownership of the land is recognised and respected. Perth's five universities and many schools and colleges are built on Noongar land.
The Australian government system is a democratic system. As a state, Western Australia has its own State Government, which is led by the Premier.
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